Miles Davis’ 1954 performance of “Walkin'” at the first Newport Jazz Festival introduced the style to the jazz world. The quintet Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers, led by Blakey and that includes pianist Horace Silver and trumpeter Clifford Brown, were leaders within the onerous bop movement with Davis.
They have been eager to develop approaches to music that reflected their heritage. Dave Liebman later known as it “the torch that lit the free jazz thing.”.
Hard bop is an extension of bebop (or “bop”) music that comes with influences from blues, rhythm and blues, and gospel, especially in saxophone and piano playing. Hard bop was developed in the mid-1950s, coalescing in 1953 and 1954; it developed partly in response to the vogue for cool jazz in the early Nineteen Fifties and paralleled the rise of rhythm and blues.
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